01/11/2015 Medicine Psychology
DOI: 10.1111/ipd.12149 SemanticScholar ID: 2153499 MAG: 2058982369

The dental health of children subject to a child protection plan.

Publication Summary

BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, child maltreatment is an area of increased awareness and concern. AIM: To compare the dental health of children subject to child protection plans with controls. DESIGN: Children had to be aged between two and 11 years, medically healthy, and subject either to a child protection plan or attending the paediatric outpatient orthopaedic or general surgery clinics (control group). All children had a standardized oral examination. RESULTS: Seventy-nine children were examined in each group. Children with child protection plans had statistically higher levels of primary tooth decay than controls (mean dmft 3.82 and 2.03, Mann-Whitney U test P = 0.002). After adjusting for socioeconomic status, the incidence rate ratios for the occurrence of dental caries in the primary dentition in children with a child protection plan was 1.76 (95% CI: 1.44-2.15) relative to the controls. There was no statistical difference in the levels of permanent tooth decay between the study and control groups (mean DMFT 0.71 and 0.30, respectively). The care index was significantly lower (P = 0.008, Mann-Whitney U test) in the study group (1.69%) compared to the control group (6.02%). CONCLUSIONS: Children subject to child protection plans had significantly higher levels of dental caries in the primary dentition. Language: en

CAER Authors

Avatar Image for Peter Day

Dr. Peter Day

University of Leeds - Professor and Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry

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