01/08/2011 Medicine
DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2011.04.014 SemanticScholar ID: 32066784 MAG: 2067232748

Discoloration of teeth after avulsion and replantation: results from a multicenter randomized controlled trial.

Publication Summary

Abstract Introduction There is evidence to suggest that Ledermix, placed as an intervisit root canal dressing, might improve periodontal healing after replantation of avulsed teeth. As a part of a multicenter randomized controlled trial, we aimed to compare the effect of 2 root canal medicaments, Ledermix and Ultracal XS, on the discoloration of replanted teeth. Methods Discoloration was investigated by using 3 methods: patient satisfaction with the color of replanted teeth, clinical photographs taken at baseline and 12-month reviews, and estimation of color change by using CIELAB scores for baseline and 12-month photographs. Results Twenty-two patients (27 teeth) were recruited. Ten patients (12 teeth) were randomized to the Ledermix group and 12 patients (15 teeth) to the Ultracal XS group. At 12 months, 8 patients were concerned with the discoloration of their teeth. Seven came from the Ledermix group and 1 from the Ultracal XS group. This difference was significant (Fisher exact test, P = .009). Standardized photographs were taken for the patients recruited at one center only (17 patients). There was significant discoloration of teeth from baseline with Ledermix, causing a darkening and gray-brown discoloration (mean change from baseline to 12 months, L∗ = –5.1, a∗ = 0.3, b∗ = –1.2, and ΔE = 8.1) and Ultracal XS, causing a yellowing and lightening of teeth (L∗ = 1.9, a∗ = 0.3, b∗ = 3.3, and ΔE = 5.4). There was a significant difference for the L∗ and b∗ variables (independent t test) between the 2 groups. Conclusions Both root canal medicaments cause discoloration, with Ledermix proving less acceptable to patients.

CAER Authors

Avatar Image for Peter Day

Dr. Peter Day

University of Leeds - Professor and Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry

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