10/09/2019 Engineering Medicine
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.06.069 SemanticScholar ID: 201846073 MAG: 2971737841

Early-Life Environmental Exposures and Blood Pressure in Children.

Publication Summary

Abstract Background Growing evidence exists about the fetal and environmental origins of hypertension, but mainly limited to single-exposure studies. The exposome has been proposed as a more holistic approach by studying many exposures simultaneously. Objectives This study aims to evaluate the association between a wide range of prenatal and postnatal exposures and blood pressure (BP) in children. Methods Systolic and diastolic BP were measured among 1,277 children from the European HELIX (Human Early-Life Exposome) cohort aged 6 to 11 years. Prenatal (n = 89) and postnatal (n = 128) exposures include air pollution, built environment, meteorology, natural spaces, traffic, noise, chemicals, and lifestyles. Two methods adjusted for confounders were applied: an exposome-wide association study considering the exposures independently, and the deletion-substitution-addition algorithm considering all the exposures simultaneously. Results Decreases in systolic BP were observed with facility density (β change for an interquartile-range increase in exposure: −1.7 mm Hg [95% confidence interval (CI): −2.5 to −0.8 mm Hg]), maternal concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyl 118 (−1.4 mm Hg [95% CI: −2.6 to −0.2 mm Hg]) and child concentrations of dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE: −1.6 mm Hg [95% CI: −2.4 to −0.7 mm Hg]), hexachlorobenzene (−1.5 mm Hg [95% CI: −2.4 to −0.6 mm Hg]), and mono−benzyl phthalate (−0.7 mm Hg [95% CI: −1.3 to −0.1 mm Hg]), whereas increases in systolic BP were observed with outdoor temperature during pregnancy (1.6 mm Hg [95% CI: 0.2 to 2.9 mm Hg]), high fish intake during pregnancy (2.0 mm Hg [95% CI: 0.4 to 3.5 mm Hg]), maternal cotinine concentrations (1.2 mm Hg [95% CI: -0.3 to 2.8 mm Hg]), and child perfluorooctanoate concentrations (0.9 mm Hg [95% CI: 0.1 to 1.6 mm Hg]). Decreases in diastolic BP were observed with outdoor temperature at examination (−1.4 mm Hg [95% CI: −2.3 to −0.5 mm Hg]) and child DDE concentrations (−1.1 mm Hg [95% CI: −1.9 to −0.3 mm Hg]), whereas increases in diastolic BP were observed with maternal bisphenol-A concentrations (0.7 mm Hg [95% CI: 0.1 to 1.4 mm Hg]), high fish intake during pregnancy (1.2 mm Hg [95% CI: −0.2 to 2.7 mm Hg]), and child copper concentrations (0.9 mm Hg [95% CI: 0.3 to 1.6 mm Hg]). Conclusions This study suggests that early-life exposure to several chemicals, as well as built environment and meteorological factors, may affect BP in children.

CAER Authors

Avatar Image for Rosie McEachan

Prof. Rosie McEachan

Bradford Institute for Health Research - Born in Bradford Director

Avatar Image for John Wright

Prof. John Wright

Bradford Institute for Health Research - Chief Investigator Born in Bradford

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