2019 Business Computer Science
SemanticScholar ID: 214200156 MAG: 3004044716

Descriptions and definitions for the rugby league tackle.

Publication Summary

Introduction Research within Rugby league (RL) tackle investigations using video analysis has often used two sources of variables. The exception being King et al (2010) who described the characteristics of the RL tackle event such as number of tacklers and tackle height of the first tackler. However, the majority of investigations have either adopted technical variables from rugby union (RU) tackle variables (Sperenza et al., 2017) or technical criteria from coaching cues (Gabbett, 2008). In doing so, content validity and relevance to RL could be questioned (O’Donoghue, 2014). The aim of this study was to adopt a 5 stage process to determine tackle variables which are valid and reliable for RL research. Method A 5 stage process was undertaken based upon recommendations by O’Donoghue (2014). STAGE 1 involved a synthesis of literature and examined phases of the tackle, variables describing the tackle descriptions of these variables research. A draft variable list was then developed before the start of STAGE 2. To achieve content validity and relevancy, STAGE 2 formed an expert group of practitioners to critique the previously formed draft variable list and develop new phases, variables and descriptors. STAGE 3 refined the variable list based upon the practitioner consultation. STAGE 4 established an expert group agreement in the refined variable list. Finally, STAGE 5 tested intra and inter-reliability of the list using Kappa statistics (McHugh, 2012). Results The agreed variable list comprised of 6 phases including defensive start point, pre-contact, initial contact, post-contact and play the ball phases. Within the phases 66 variables were determined. The intra- and inter-reliability testing resulted in at least moderate agreement (>0.7) (McHugh, 2012) of all phases. Discussion Due to possessing both strong relevance to an RL tackle and demonstrating good levels of reliability, researchers can be confident that the variables within the list are valid for research purposes (O’Donoghue, 2014). In addition, the rigorous 5 stage process of validating the content of the variable list should be used when determining different variables within different sports and actions for research purposes. In doing so, researchers can be confident that they are valid in use and thus can be used consistently for research purposes. Furthermore, the findings show that although there are similarities between a RU and RL tackle, clear differences exist and therefore justifies the need for specific RL variables during tackle research.

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