There is a large variation in the architecture of human brains. This means that some children have different needs to ‘the average’ because of ‘neurodiversity’. There is overwhelming evidence to show that early identification of neurodiversity has immense benefits to children, families and service providers. Unfortunately, many children do not have their needs identified until late in their schooling. For example, undiagnosed autism is known to create numerous problems that could be avoided through early action. CAER is developing new tools to ensure health and education systems provide earlier support for neurodiversity and is pioneering new approaches to autism.